Croatia’s environmental and socio-economic issues indicate that Croatia is only beginning its transition from a linear to a circular economy. Six years period of economic recession, a general lack of adequate policies and competences, and a regulatory framework that remains only partially adjusted to EU regulations all contribute to Croatia’s lag in eco-innovation and in its transition towards a circular economy.

In 2015, the composite Eco-innovation index for Croatia was 67% of the EU average. This places Croatia among five least eco-innovative countries in EU. Eco-innovation input stands very low at 21% of the EU average. Croatia achieved its highest score in eco-innovation activities, where it reached the EU average. Yet this outer layer might be explained by a lack of data for some of the indicators. Croatia is sshowing modest results in socio-economic outcomes. These results confirm that there is still no long-term involvement in the push to transition to a circular economy at the national and local level, as well as at a business and consumer level.

The biggest and the most urgent challenge for the country lies in waste management, which requires on radical changes – namely leaving behind old practises and focusing on separate waste collection. Much more needs to be done in the area of information provision and education on the local level. Step towards more efficient innovation system was the Strategy for Innovation encouragement of Croatia 2014-2020, which defines the mechanisms for stimulating innovation and application of new technologies.

2015 Eco-innovation Scoreboard ranking and eco-innovation index composites for Croatia




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For further information:

  • CEPOR Center development of SME, 2014, Report on the SME in Croatia for 2013,
  • Croatian Bureau of Statistics, 2012, Innovation Activities in Croatian Enterprises, 2010-2012, No. 8.2.2.
  • Energy Institute Hrvoje Pozar, 2010. Annual Energy Report, Energy in Croatia:
  • Sevic, D. and Gerasina, R. 2009. Regional Study on Financing Eco-innovation in South Eastern Europe, The Regional Environmental Centre for Central and Eastern Europe (REC).
  • Svaljek, S. 2012. R&D Tax Incentives in Croatia, Beneficiaries and Their Benefits. Institute of Economics, Zagreb.World Bank country overview; Croatia:

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