Environmental policy in Greece focuses on the promotion of renewable energies and energy efficiency measures which can promote eco-innovations. Despite the fact that the installation of photovoltaics has slowed down significantly due to the economic crisis, by the end of 2015, the installed capacity of photovoltaics, covered 7.1% of the electricity consumption. Several energy-related research programmes are also carried out in universities.

In terms of eco-innovation performance, Greece continues to rank low among the EU-28 countries with a score of only 72 (on an EU-28 average of 100). This places Greece seventh from the bottom in the EU-28 ranking of eco-innovative countries.

The funding of research activities in country, depends heavily on European Structural Funds. In the forthcoming years, the Operational Programme on Competitiveness, Entrepreneurship and Innovation under the new National Strategic Reference Framework (2004-2020) will allocate 28.8 million EUR on the promotion of innovative technologies for environmental protection and resource efficiency in the areas of waste management, water management, soil contamination and air pollution. 

In terms of competitiveness, the trade balance of high- and medium-tech products is negative and this prevents by default all types of technological innovation (Innovation Union 2014). The poor performance on technological innovation is also demonstrated by the low number of patent applications. The economic downturn, together with structural problems and bureaucratic obstacles have forced companies to prefer investments with low risks and short-term return over knowledge-based activities where by default the risks are higher and the return period longer.

The policy framework to support innovation is expected to improve significantly, through the 2014 Action Plan for the Implementation of the National Strategy for Research, Technological Development and Innovation for the period 2015-2021, which amongst others promotes specific activities in relation to eco-innovation .

2015 Eco-innovation Scoreboard ranking and eco-innovation index composites for Greece




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Eco Innovation in Practice in Greece

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