Italy

italy

Italy is the fourth largest economy in Europe. The country’s GDP is made up by the sectors agriculture (1.8%), industry  (25%), and services – trade, finance, transportation, tourism (73.1%).

In eco-innovation scoreboard index Italy presents quite a strong performance with respect to the other European countries, and it is the 9th ranked country in EU28. In particular, Italy excels with respect to the European average under the dimensions “Eco- innovation activities”, “Eco-innovation outputs”, “Resource efficiency outcomes” and “Socio- Economic outcomes”. However, the dimension “Eco-Innovation inputs” it is 25% lower than the EU average

Italy’s eco-innovation and circular economy development are characterised by the increase in recycling activities (e.g. in textile, mineral oil, packaging, construction waste, etc), strong R&D performance in water pollution abatement, waste management, and renewable energy areas, as well as by the initiatives in industrial symbiosis.

The still-low private and public R&D expenditures can be explained by the Italian industrial structure, which is mainly composed of small-medium enterprises (SMEs) and family businesses, which have only limited access to credit and often are not of a large enough scale to undertake R&D projects. Nevertheless, the country shows great potential for specialising in renewable energy technologies, which have been well supported by policies and regulations .

2015 Eco-innovation Scoreboard ranking and eco-innovation index composites for Italy

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Arendi – CdTe photovoltaic modules

Labels: Italy

Italy-PhotovolThe company Arendi was founded in 2004. Arendi is a start-up involved in the design, manufacturing, commissioning and management of a production line of photovoltaic modules based on the cadmium telluride technology (CdTe). This technology belongs to the category of thin-film photovoltaic modules, using much less raw materials than the traditional crystalline silicon cells based modules. The CdTe is a technology, which promises significantly lower costs of production with respect to all the others.

The Arendi initiative can be defined a fully Italian project, since the production process was developed at the University of Parma in the last 30 years, the capital of the company is completely Italian, the main suppliers are Italian and the project was co-funded by the Italian Ministry of Environment and the region Lombardia.

Determinants:

•           Barriers are acceptance of alternative materials instead of consolidated materials (silicon);

•           High costs of PV power compared to grid power

Drivers are low costs of production with respect to the other PV technologies;

•           Feed-in tariffs acknowledged in many countries

•           Reduction of CO2 emissions

•           20-20-20 target of the EU

Sustainability effects:

The effects of using photovoltaic modules are:

•           reduction of fossil fuel consumption for power production

•           global reduction of CO2 emissions

Further Information

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Thus, the computer has the capability in a distinct city at a particular season finasteride online sent directly to the door buy propecia and send it to those who wanted to see.


Tags: Italy

Eco Innovation in Practice in Italy

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