Malta

malta

Malta ranks 25th in the 2015 Eco-innovation Scoreboard with a composite index of 64 relative to the EU-average index of 100. The country slightly exceeds the EU-28 average in terms of resource efficiency outcomes (with an index of 104), but lags behind in eco-innovation inputs, activities and outputs and socio-economic outcomes.

The development of eco-innovation is hindered by a mix of natural constraints and structural challenges, including the country’s small size and insularity, limited potential to develop renewable energy sources, a weak human resources base in science and technologies, limited capacity and readiness for research and innovation on behalf of local firms, and relatively low levels of investment in R&D.

Nevertheless, several recent policy initiatives – most notably, a new National Research and Innovation Strategy to 2020 – reflect the Government’s commitment to improve Malta’s innovation environment and R&D potential. Policy initiatives specifically related to eco-innovation and the circular economy include a Green Economy Strategy and Action Plan, a National Electromobility Action Plan, and a new Waste Management Plan. Areas that have benefitted from eco-innovation solutions in the past two years include water management (in particular, efforts to address water scarcity) and energy efficiency

 

2015 Eco-innovation Scoreboard ranking and eco-innovation index composites for Malta

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Clean Flight

malta_Cleanflight_resizedClean Flight looks into ways of reducing the amount of fuel use released from aircrafts that arrive or depart from Malta and consequently lead to lower levels of carbon emissions.

Clean Flight is a project run by a group of engineers from the University of Malta and airline pilots from the local company QuAero Ltd. Clean Flight looks into ways of reducing the amount of fuel use released from aircrafts that arrive or depart from Malta and consequently lead to lower levels of carbon emissions.

For a flight to have minimal impact on the environment, an aircraft must operate at its most efficient operating point from a performance perspective. This requires the execution of optimal climb and descent trajectories (routes) and the selection of optimal thrust and airspeed schedules. The determination of and ability to fly such profiles, however, is a fundamentally multi-disciplinary challenge. It primarily involves the consideration of flight deck operations (including the aircraft operator, aircraft equipage and cockpit crew duties), weather information, route structures and air traffic constraints.

According to the project developers in such circumstances, it has been proven that if the type of aircraft, its weight, the temperature and the winds are taken into consideration, an optimised vertical profile can be calculated. The developers obtained profiles, could save around 100 kg of fuel or around 320 kg of CO2 emissions per climb or descent. Moreover, considering statistical data of Malta's international aircraft movements, most flights fly in and out to the north-west. At the same time, Malta's prevailing winds are north-westerly. By assimilating this information and considering aircraft performance, better lateral profiles can be designed such that aircrafts cover less track miles in Maltese airspace. This bears a direct relationship to the fuel consumed and the subsequent carbon dioxide emissions.

Apart from the reduction of CO2 emissions from aircrafts in Maltese airspace, airlines also stand to benefit, as use of these systems can lead to fuel savings. Moreover, as a result, the project aids Malta to achieve its carbon emissions quota allocated in the EU’s Emission trading scheme.

Economic Performance

Savings of around 100 kg of fuel or around 320 kg of CO2 emissions per climb or descent.

Environmental Impact

CO2 emissions reduction from aircrafts in the Maltese airspace

Further Information

Source: http://www.timesofmalta.com

Source Picture: http://www.timesofmalta.com

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