Denmark

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Denmark takes the top position on the EU28 Eco-Innovation Scoreboard for 2015: This an improvement in ranking compared to previous years which already showed good performance with a second position in 2014 and fourth position in 2013 and never ranked lower than fourth since 2010. In terms of eco-innovation output, compared to 2013 Denmark slides down the ranking from first place to fourth in the Scoreboard, while on the other hand Denmark moves up from a fourth place to the first spot in terms of eco-innovation input, which is also Denmark’s best performing indices. The country does not manage to translate the high eco-innovation output into a higher socio-economic output, where it is below EU average.

Denmark has been promoting eco-innovation since 2006, when thr Danish Parliament requested the Danish Government to launch the first eco-innovation scheme, underpinned by a comprehensive policy framework in support of activities and initiatives in favour of the environment and combating climate change. After the Danish Local Government Reform in 2007 created five completely new regions in Denmark, green growth initiatives got off due to the synergy effects that the reform offered. Industrial symbiosis and public procurement are two areas that seem particularly to have benefitted from this. However, the new Danish Government (June 2015) has taken a more market oriented approach to green transition with the view that enterprises will implement green business models without the need of comprehensive state support, hence some drastic cuts have been proposed and taken place that will affect circular economy developments. In view of this, the latest Scoreboard results are a result of the work of previous governments and it needs to be seen how the latest policy developments will affect Denmark’s result in the future.

2015 Eco-innovation Scoreboard ranking and eco-innovation index composites for Denmark

Denmark

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Mapping of Wind Energy - Computer Modelling of Wind Potentials in Complex Terrains.

denmark_windmodelling_resizedA partnership between EMD International, Vattenfall AB, and DTU Risoe is aiming to develop a computer model that can make accurate calculations of wind energy potentials, in order to forecast the optimal locations for installation of wind turbines in complex terrains. Based on better calculations, it will be possbile to reduce investment uncertainty in new wind farms and thus the price of wind energy. The partnership is supported with funding from the Danish Business Innovation Fund.

Under normal circumstances calculations of wind energy is made with the help of computer models, where the starting point is the annual energy production from wind flow over a specific terrain. However, many wind turbines are also placed in complex terrains, such as in forests, hills, and mountain areas, where ordinary computer modelling usually is insufficient. An improved calculation model is therefore of great importance. Uncertainties about wind resources can be reduced by using advanced non-linear CFD models (Computational Fluid Dynamics) contrary linear models, which is mainly being used today. The more advanced computer models are developed by EMD International A/S together with Risø DTU and Vattenfall A/S, which should deliver a model with higher accuracy in its calculations. The basis for the model has been developed through nearly 20 years of work by Risø-DTU, and will be embedded with the computer tools "WindPRO" and "WAsP", developed respectively by EMD International A/S and Risø DTU. As reliable use of CFD calculations also requires large PC clusters,  EMD International will in addition develop a new internet-based calculation service and business model with particular focus on small and medium-sized enterprises. The project initially has two target groups. Small or medium-sized enterprises with an annual calculation needs of up to 25 locations, typically wind project developers and smaller but specialized consulting engineering firms, and medium-sized or large companies that calculates hundreds of locations a year, such as large engineering companies, electric companies, turbine manufacturers, and large project development companies.

Economic Performance

To realise investments in new wind farms, a number of issues have to be calculated and documented in order to realize the project: How much energy will the turbines produce at the specific site; how is the site used optimally in respect of energy yields versus wind resources and environmental restrictions, and what will the consequences be when connecting the project to the existing grid, both capacity wise and cost wise. With a better model for the specific terrain, it will be possible to peform accurate calculations of the economic performace, with increased profitability of the farms realized.

Social Performance

The location of new wind farms is a sensitive matter, as their precense in nature often causes strong reactions from local communities. It can be problems related to noise, reduction in visual quality, impact on local habitats etc. By increasing the density of wind mills in new parks (or existing) the improved calculation model will reduce areas required to install the same amount of wind energy.

Environmental Impact

With an improved modelling system for the location of wind turbines in complex terrains it becomes possible to improve the yield of wind farms in such areas and thereby increase the output of renewable energy and to mitigate climate change. 

Further Information

For more information about the project partners please visit the following websites:

http://www.emd.dk/

http://www.risoe.dtu.dk/

http://www.vattenfall.dk/

http://www.fornyelsesfonden.dk/projektdb/0/24/369/%7C%7C%7Cginovation%7Cgmarked%7C%7C

 

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