Germany

germany

Germany is an export-oriented nation with a strong manufacturing industry and well established eco-innovation areas and markets. Since 2013 the Germany’s performance in the Eco-innovation Scoreboard has dropped by one place and ranks fourth in 2014-2015. This is mainly attributed to a downshift in the socio-economic and resource efficiency outcomes. Germany performs particularly well in the subcategories eco-innovation patents and exports of products from eco-industries.

With respect to a circular economy, Germany is characterised by very good waste infrastructures and recycling rates. The present focus on technical waste management and end-of-life measures is simultaneously signalling further demand for innovative waste instruments at the interface of material cycles and new business models. A first step was taken by introducing the Waste Prevention Programme in 2013. A strengthening of the regulatory framework and a better alignment of responsibilities, competencies and approaches towards a circular economy seem important for the increase of secondary input rates and a closing of the loops. The demand for high-tech and waste technologies is expected to remain high in the world and–as one of the market leaders– Germany has a strong standing in exporting innovative waste management solutions.

The German green tech sector is expected to further develop dynamically. The early implementation of the Renewables Energies Act (in 1991) and the introduction of the German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess) in 2012 serve as important and drivers for energy and resource efficiency, eco-innovation and the energy transition in Germany.

The framework conditions for innovation are generally well developed and include both supply and demand-side instruments while there is a pronounced reliance on voluntary and informational approaches at the consumption side. An eco-innovation action plan is under development. Nevertheless, Germany will probably not meet its sustainable development strategy targets for raw material and energy productivity, energy consumption, biodiversity, land use, mobility and farming .

2015 Eco-innovation Scoreboard ranking and eco-innovation index composites for Germany

Germany

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Slim slabs

The Cobiax Technologies GmbH of Darmstadt has developed components that make reinforced concrete slabs up to 35% lighter. The principle of the Cobiax flat slab is to leave out as much concrete as possible whilst maintaining the full flexural strength of the slab and allowing a bi-axial load transfer. The Cobiax cage modules are either directly built into the semi-precast slab elements in the precast factory and delivered to site as a whole or only placed on the semi-precast slab elements on the construction site. In both cases the top reinforcement can be directly laid on the Cobiax cage modules which act as wire chairs. The hollow bodies are made of recycled plastic to replace the heavy concrete inside a reinforced concrete ceiling. Thus less excavation is required. The quality does not decrease: The flat slab has the same mechanical load bearing behaviour as a solid flat plate slab. Up to 35% concrete and 20% steel can be saved with this technology.

Economic Performance
The technology contributes to cost effectiveness by concrete and reinforcement steel savings, reduced floor-to-floor height and eased retrofitting of buildings.

Environmental Impact
It is estimated that  total of over 17,000 tons of concrete and reinforcing steel are used less in Germany. Up to 20% emissions of carbon dioxide and other environmentally toxic pollutants are saved.

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Eco Innovation in Practice in Germany

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Service eco-innovatio…

Service eco-innovation - Services to optimise production processes in terms of resource efficiency - production integrated environmental protection (e.g. PIUS-Check®)

The PIUS-Check is a process-oriented material flow analysis of the efficiency agency (EFA) North Rhine-Westphalia for the determination and use of economic and ecological potential... Read more

13 Apr 2011 Hits:4498 Germany

Materials eco-innovat…

Materials eco-innovation - Liquid wood - ARBOFORM ® by TECNARO

Lignin is a solid substance in wood emerging as a by-product in the pulp and paper production. There are many sources of lignin. The paper... Read more

13 Apr 2011 Hits:21983 Germany

Technological eco-inn…

Technological eco-innovation

Decentralised water management - eco-efficient recycling of gray water (e.g. AquaCycle 2500, Pontos GmbH) The shower and bath water is recycled in a patented bio-mechanical... Read more

22 May 2011 Hits:4690 Germany

Product eco-innovatio…

Product eco-innovation - Functional integration: the resource-efficient building envelope Office building, Erfurt, Refurbishment

The building envelope, i.e. facade and roof, is of particular importance: It serves as interface between the internal and external environment and thus has major... Read more

29 Jun 2011 Hits:3841 Germany

Materials eco-innovat…

Materials eco-innovation - High-Performance Building Materials made from Renewable Resources (laboratory stage)

Researchers of the Dresden University of Technology, in cooperation with HESS Wohnwerk. The Institute for Applied Science in Civil Engineering (IaFB) and the GWT Dresden,... Read more

29 Jun 2011 Hits:7758 Germany

Mechanical-biological…

Mechanical biological waste treatment is applied on mixed organic/carbon rich waste with the aim to achieve  1) a stabilisation and minimisation of the risk potential... Read more

22 Mar 2012 Hits:7924 Germany

"Green cement", a new…

A new group of hydraulic binding agents, named Celitement, seems to be a promising improvement of the energy and environmental balances in the cement production.... Read more

22 Mar 2012 Hits:7856 Germany

Slim slabs

The Cobiax Technologies GmbH of Darmstadt has developed components that make reinforced concrete slabs up to 35% lighter. The principle of the Cobiax flat slab... Read more

22 Mar 2012 Hits:5135 Germany

SkySails

The SkySail system consists of three parts: towing kite with a towing rope, a launch and recovery system and the control system. According to the... Read more

22 Mar 2012 Hits:4289 Germany

Strip casting technol…

Strip casting allows the casting of new, high-manganese steels, by achieving energy and carbon dioxide savings in comparison to conventional technologies. Due to the low... Read more

22 Mar 2012 Hits:5697 Germany

Energy efficient circ…

Improved circulating pumps consume up to 80% less electricity than conventional models. By combining electronically optimised motors with an improved impeller design, the efficiency can... Read more

22 Mar 2012 Hits:6269 Germany

Aircraft recycling

Aircraft recycling

Mobile dismantling and material recovery of discarded aircrafts. Read more

04 Dec 2012 Hits:4852 Germany

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