Industrial Symbioses

The Danish municipality Kalundborg has for several years been known for their research and development in industrial symbiosis. The Industrial Symbiosis is a networking cooperation project involving a number of industries, waste-handling companies and Kalundborg Municipal Distribution in which the parties utilise each other’s residual or by-products commercially. In that way, production can be increased without enhancing the consumption of water, energy, or other resources correspondingly, and thereby maintaining production costs while benefitting the environment at the same time.