France is a major European player in the field of eco-innovation, and possesses a strong track record in environmental regulation and support schemes – targeting both public and private actors (including individuals). This is illustrated by its strong ranking in the 2015 Eco-Innovation Scoreboard (seventh among the 28 EU Member States). However, France still falls behind a number of front-runners, particularly due to limited energy and water productivity and limited green early-stage investments. Increasing levels of resource efficiency, particularly energy efficiency, in key sectors such as transport and building are also key priorities.

The most important eco-innovation areas in France are linked to network and network management industries, and more specifically water management and sanitation, waste management, and environmental engineering. These sectors are well organised around very large international firms that are also major aggregators of innovations.

Since 2010, a group of clusters, focusing on environmental technologies, have supported the creation of innovative local networks of SMEs and large companies based around water and waste management, energy efficiency, renewable energies, smart cities and smart transport. These clusters act as a major testbed for the emergence of eco-innovations, and help to bring together public and private partners around common issues.

In addition, the national and regional support to eco-innovation and the circular economy is strong. At the national level, a number of dedicated calls for projects have been set up in recent years, complementing existing support measures such as eco-innovation equity funds or tax incentives focusing on the demand side of eco-innovation. At the regional level, 20 out of the 22 (former) metropolitan regions have at least one strategic domain of their Regional Smart Specialisation Strategy directly related to eco-industries. 

2015 Eco-innovation Scoreboard ranking and eco-innovation index composites for France





Labels: France

The city of Paris and 45 surrounding cities have implemented the first large scale elelctric car-sharing system in the world. Users can make use of one of the vehicles which run on a solid-state Lithium Metal Polymer battery with a 200 000 km life expenctancy. The scheme is expected to reduce congestion resulting for the use of private vehicles, as well as noise and emmissions. Autolib' is a measure taken to create a more liveable urban environment and offer a cost and environmentally firendly alternative to private car ownership.

Autolib’ is the first public electric vehicle-sharing service, developed at the scale of a large European metropolitan area. The service was implemented in October 2011 in Paris and 45 surrounding cities, and allows subscribers to make use of 100% electric cars to and from a number of stations installed in the metropolitan area. Due to the vehicles' exclusive use of electricity as a source of energy, they produce zero emissions, smell and noise while in use. One of the particularities of the system, particularly in comparison to traditional car rental schemes, is that the user must not necessarily return the vehicle to the point of departure.

The system was developed by Bolloré, which was selected as the official subcontractor by the City of Paris and surrounding municipalities. Bolloré is known for it experience as a producer of components for capacitor used to stock electricity. The vehicles used in the Autolib’ system, called Blue Cars, run on a solid-state Lithium Metal Polymer battery with a 200 000 km life expectancy. The battery is able to store up to five times more energy than a traditional battery of the same weight.

Barriers and Drivers

The most commonly cited barriers to the development of electric vehicles relate to uncertainty about costs, standards and perfomance, and supporting infrastructure. The price and cost differential between electric vehicles and conventional cars is indeed on of the major barriers to the market takeup of the former. Higher prices are mainly explained by the high cost of electric batteries and the absence of a quality premium on behalf of potential consumers. The performance and life expentancy of electric batteries are also still major cause for schepticism (OECD, 2011). Also as mentioned by an OECD report, "the lack of standardisation may prevent the emeergence of consollidation of a real market". FInally, the need for a comprehensive infrastructure for battery recharge also represents a major challenge to the take-up of electric vehicles.

The main dirvers on the other hand include oil depletion and increased environmental concerns. Increased regulatory measures, support policies and consumption incentives such as the French ' 'bonus-malus' scheme for car purchases have also led to the growth of the electric vehicle market.

Economic Performance

The Autolib' system represents an effective means of reducing the costs created by the use of individual means of transportation. It creates an affordable and conforrtable alternative to the purchase of private vehicles. At the same time, Autolib' is expected to reduce the number of vehicles on the streets of Paris and neighbouring cities, which may potentially lead to savings in transportation infrastructure.

Social Performance

The car sharing scheme is mean to create a more liveable environement for the citie's inhabitants. In addition, it provides a cost-friendly alternative to individual car ownership, especially for commuters having to travel important distances to and from their work places.

Environmental Impact

The 3 000 available Bluecars for rent are estimated to represent a reduction of approximately 22 500 privately owned vehicles or up to 164 500 000 fewer kilometres driven per day by traditional GHG emitting vehicles. This will allow for considerable reductions in GHG emission, as well as in noise and congestion reductions. Such a measure is meant to contribute to France's commitment to reduce GHG emmissions by 20% by 2020. In addition, it provides a means for developing a more healthy and confortable living environment in urban areas.

Further Information

Back to Eco-Innovation in Practice

Thus, the machine has the faculty in a particular city at a distinct period finasteride online sent right to the house buy propecia and send it to those who wanted to make out.

Eco Innovation in Practice in France

Prev Next

Environmental and soc…

Environmental and social innovation in electronic waste recycling

Envie is an organisation operating in the field of management of electric and electronic waste. However, Envie has developed a singular approach to business by... Read more

22 May 2011 Hits:9154 France

Innovative optical wa…

Innovative optical waste sorting from PELLENC Selective Technologies

PELLENC Selective Technologies was created in 2001 and is currently the only French firm specialised in optical waste sorting technologies. The firm designs, produces and... Read more

28 Jun 2011 Hits:9495 France

Energy effective eco-…

Energy effective eco-housing in Nord-Pas de Calais

The Villavenir project is an environmentally-friendly housing project carried out in northern France (Nord-Pas de Calais). The project involved the construction of six individual houses... Read more

22 May 2011 Hits:5407 France

F-City: From Montpell…

F-City: From Montpellier to the sea, sustainable urban development project

This project has been developed within the framework of the ‘Ecocities’ initiative recently launched by French authorities. Its main objective is to completely renew an... Read more

29 Jun 2011 Hits:5866 France

F-City : Electric car…

F-City : Electric car-sharing vehicle

This particular vehicle has been developed by members of the Vehicle of the Future competitiveness cluster. F-city was designed to provide a carbon-free means of... Read more

29 Jun 2011 Hits:6446 France

The Lacq integrated C…

The Lacq integrated CCS project

The French firm Total currently operates one of the 20 pilot CCS sites in the world. The project’s main ambitions are to demonstrate the technical... Read more

29 Jun 2011 Hits:5322 France

Renault SITA joint ve…

The Renault vehicle manufacturing company and SITA France (a subsidiary of Suez Environnement) have joined forces to create a joint venture specialised in the recycling... Read more

04 Feb 2012 Hits:6554 France

Les petites grèves la…

The Douzy municipality in France has implemented an urban development project designed to fight the flight of the population and reduce the spread of urban... Read more

04 Feb 2012 Hits:4240 France

Degrés Bleus

Degrés Bleus is an innovative system developed by the Lyonnaise des Eaux water treatment and sanitation firm which allows to recover and reuse the heat... Read more

04 Feb 2012 Hits:4757 France

Wô Water Treatment Te…

The Wô water treatment technology allows businesses to develop a closed loop water cycle, reducing their reliance on external water provision and the production of... Read more

04 Feb 2012 Hits:4581 France


The city of Paris and 45 surrounding cities have implemented the first large scale elelctric car-sharing system in the world. Users can make use of... Read more

04 Feb 2012 Hits:6114 France



Econoving is a research programme specialised in eco-innovation for sustainable cities. Econoving is a grouping of five higher education and research insitutions (Université Paris-Sud 11,... Read more

04 Dec 2012 Hits:3207 France