The MOBI.E network is an intelligent charging network for the deployment of electric mobility. Available throughout Portugal, and accessible to all users, the MOBI.E network will allow an optimal exploitation of the electric grid: in a near future it will also allow grid managers to control the electric vehicles charging process, transferring consumption from peak to low demand periods; later on, it will have the possibility to re-enter into the grid the electricity stored in the electric vehicles (EV) in a simple and user-friendly way, avoiding in this way the peaks of electricity production.
Energy and environment are issues dominating the international arena and urging for innovative integrated approaches. Portugal, with its National Energy Strategy, has now taken the lead in the forefront of renewable energies, transforming a challenge into an opportunity. MOBI.E represents the launch of the first truly National Electric Mobility Network. A landmark in the new world energy era that offers to the world a model of electric mobility truly integrated and intertwined with sustainable energy policies through the use of renewable and clean sources. This approach stems from the need for more efficient use of energy and all its impacts concerning the environment, mobility and transport, urban development and land use, challenging us to dramatically change the way we move, using more and more the energy coming from renewable sources. Resting on an adequate infrastructure for the evolution of electric vehicles fleet and on the development of a service model that enables any users and organizations to gain access to any technical solutions for electric mobility offered by any cars manufacturers, Portugal has created new economic and technological opportunities and has been offering an open network, of smart charging, for the charging of electric vehicles.
Tax incentives and public procurement, as well as local small-scale projects, are being used to support deployment. Electric vehicles will be exempt from vehicle taxation; the state will provide an income tax benefit for private buyers of about €800 per vehicle and introduce tax incentives for companies that convert to electric-powered vehicles. Additional measures, such as reduced parking rates, preferential access and financing subsidies, are being studied.
The dependence on several key stakeholders from several economic sectors could lead to a setback in this ambitious project if their integration is not properly done.
Expected value added of €500 million and reduction of about €2 billion/year on oil imports by 2020
Development of industrial clusters linked to the electric vehicles and creation of about 3,000 new jobs
Portugal expects to reduce its final energy consumption and oil imports: final energy consumption will be decreased by 2% (or 5 million barrels of oil) through replacing 10% of oil consumption from transport with electricity if most of this electricity is generated from renewable sources. Estimate savings of 0.5 Mtoe/year of primary energy supply, 4 Mt CO2 eq/year of GHG emissions
Sources: ADENE (Agência para a Energia) (2009), Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures in Portugal 2006-2007, part of the ODYSSEE-MURE project on Monitoring of Energy Efficiency in the EU27, Norway and Croatia, ADENE, Lisbon.
MEID (Ministério da Economia, da Inovação e do Desenvolvimento) (2010), Plano Novas Energias – Estratégia Nacional para a Energia 2020, MEID, Lisbon
Image 1 source: http://www.gestao-frotas.com/
Image 2 source: http://aeiou.exameinformatica.pt/