The Eco-Innovation Scoreboard

What is the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard?

The Eco-Innovation Scoreboard (Eco-IS) is the first tool to assess and illustrate eco-innovation performance across the EU Member States. The scoreboard aims at capturing the different aspects of eco-innovation by applying 16 indicators grouped into five thematic areas: eco-innovation inputs, eco-innovation activities, eco-innovation outputs, resource efficiency and socio-economic outcomes. It thereby shows how well individual Member States perform in different dimensions of eco-innovation compared to the EU average and presents their strengths and weaknesses. The Eco-IS complements other measurement approaches of innovativeness of EU countries and aims to promote a holistic view on economic, environmental and social performance.

Which indicators are included in the 2013 version of the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard?

The 2013 version of the Eco-IS consists of 16 indicators from 9 different data sources, which were the same indicators used for the 2012 version. 13 indicators were updated, with most indicators having their latest data for the years between 2010 and 2012. As the data collection and compilation process is an ongoing effort in the Observatory, we intend to further improve the quality of the underlying data in the future.

The following table provides an overview over the indicator used in the 2013 version of the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard.


Note: Data on early stage investments were kindly provided by Cleantech Group (

How is the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard calculated?

Country specific figures of the single indicators are weighted with the share of population in order to calculate an EU average which corrects for the bias of smaller Member States. Thus the EU average of a sub-indicator displays the weighted mean of all country specific data of the EU Member States. The EU average of indicators that display absolute numbers (e.g. Domestic Material Consumption [DMC] and GDP to calculate the material productivity indicator) is built directly by summing up the underlying data.

In order to exclude statistical outliers, the 5 % and the 95 % Quantile are introduced as thresholds. Values above/below the thresholds are replaced by the corresponding threshold value. The EU average is calculated with the data corrected by the thresholds. To normalize the various indicators, we use a “Distance-to-reference” method, with the EU average being defined as the reference and set as a value of 100. Countries with higher figures than the EU average obtain a higher score than 100 and countries with lower figures achieve less, depending on the deviation from the EU average. Missing data are not replaced by estimations; countries for which data is not available do not get a result for the respective indicator.

The score of the index in each of the five areas is calculated by the unweighted mean of the underlying indicators. Consequently each indicator has the same weighting in the five areas. The overall scoreboard of an EU Member State is calculated by the unweighted mean of the 16 sub-indicators in order to avoid bias by areas of the scoreboard which consist only of a few indicators.

Technical information

If you want to learn more about the technical implementation of the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard 2013, please download the Technical note.

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